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Contra-indications of CryoSpa Ice Baths - Cold Water Immersion

  • Abnormal / altered skin sensation.
  • Impaired circulation: tissue damage may result from vasoconstriction.
  • Open wounds / broken skin.
  • Hypersensitivity to cold, such as Raynaud's phenomenon, cold urticaria, cryoglobulinemia, and paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria.
  • Angina pectoris or other severe cardiac disease.
  • Chlorine allergy.
  • Peripheral vascular disease.
  • Under influence of drugs or alcohol.
  • Epilepsy.
  • Geriatrics (elderly patients).
  • Children.