Below you will find a comprehensive range of research documents addressing the use of ice and ice baths for sports recovery. The results vary widely as do the protocols.
In addition, there is also a variation in the participants, some being competitive to elite sports people and others being drawn from a broader base, often a student population. One major issue for cold water immersion is the percentage of body fat. Those with higher body fat may need a lower temperature or longer immersion to have the same impact as those with low body fat.
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